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In the Nursery

Busy boxes or any other type of crib attachment should be on the wall side of crib and bumper pads should be removed when baby can pull up to a standing position, so he/she cannot use them to climb out of the crib.

Mobiles should be removed around 5-7 months. Baby can pull the mobile down, or be injured by its strings.

Cover electrical outlets that are behind the crib which baby can reach through the bars.

When changing the baby, always use the safety strap and keep one hand on baby at all times. Do not leave the baby unattended on the changing table for even a few seconds. Don't underestimate a baby's ability to wiggle and roll off a surface in a moment's time.

Infants should ALWAYS sleep in a crib which meets current federal and ASTM standards. Choose a firm mattress that fits snugly in the crib.

ALWAYS use a crib sheet that fits securely on mattress and wraps around the mattress corners.

NEVER place infants to sleep on pillows, sofa cushions, adult beds, waterbeds, beanbags, or any other surface not specifically designed for infant sleep.

For Baby Under 12 Months

Normal, healthy infants should ALWAYS sleep on their backs unless otherwise advised by a pediatrician.

Only a fitted sheet, mattress pad, and/or waterproof pad should be used under baby.

Remove pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, pillow-like stuffed toys, and other pillow-like products from the crib.

Cover baby with a thin covering, such as a crib blanket, receiving blanket or other blankets specifically designed for infants, only reaching as far as baby's chest, and tuck the covering around the crib mattress. For newborns, consider swaddling.

Do not overdress your baby. Consider using a sleeper or other sleep clothing as an alternative to any covering. The JPMA encourages parents to follow these guidelines when using a crib:

Crib slats or spindles should be spaced no more than 2 3/8" apart and corner posts should not exceed 1/16 of an inch above the end panels (unless they're over 16" high for a canopy).

Be sure there are no missing, loose, broken or improperly installed screws, brackets or other hardware on the crib or the mattress support.

No cutout areas on the headboard or footboard; no cracked or peeling paint, splinters or rough edges.

The crib mattress should fit snugly with no more than two fingers width between the edges of the mattress and the crib side.

Never place your crib near windows, draperies, blinds or wall mounted decorative accessories with long cords.